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Surfboard Guide

So you want to learn to surf, great choice! You’re excited to hit the waves with your very own board but for beginners this can be a little daunting. Luckily our helpful surfboard buying guide covers what you need to know when choosing your first surfboard. Your first surfboard is one that you will remember for the rest of your exhilarating surfing career. It is important that you purchase a board that is not only well suited for your needs but that will also make your introduction to regular wave riding as fun as possible. Read on for advice on how to buy your first surfboard.
  • How To Choose A Surfboard?

    Check out our Surfboard Quick start guide which helps you decide what surfboard you need to buy as a beginner entering the world of surfing, a child who wants to learn to surf or a surfer with years of experience under their belt.

    Are you a Beginner?





    Deck Shape Recommendation

    Long Board

    Fun Board/MiniMal

    Foam Board

    Fish Board

    Hybrid Board

    Stand Up Paddling Board (SUP)

    Short Board

    Gun Board

    Surfboard Type Recommendation

    Foam surfboard

    Hard Surfboard

    Nose Shape Recommendation

    Rounded Nose

    Pointed Nose

    Tail Shape Recommendation

    Swallow Tail

    Round Tail

    Square Tail

    Pin Tail

    Squash Tail

    Board Size Recommendation

    See size chart

    See size chart

    Recommended Gear



    Surfboard Fins

    Surfboard Fins

    Surfboard Bag

    Surfboard Bag


    Surfboard Nose Guard


    Waterproof car seat covers

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  • What Type Of Surfboard Should I Buy?

    For a beginner who is new to the surfing arena choosing your first board can cause all kinds of confusion. You might be tempted to go on what looks the coolest shape or design but that can lead to massive disappointment when you paddle out to find that you spend most of your time in the water chasing after your board! If you are an intermediate looking to progress in wave riding, then it is equally important to make sure you select the right type of board that compliments your own style, ability and surfing goals. Get the low-down on the different types of board here and find out which is best for your age and ability.


    Offering excellent mobility and aggressive riding, shortboards are made for those fast and steep waves reserved for the more advanced riders. Often under 7ft in length, the shortboard is the board of choice for an intermediate to advanced rider.


    The original choice of board for surfers in Malibu and Hawaii in the 1950s and 1960s, longboards are around 8 to 11 feet long. A longboard is a good choice for beginners as it is easier to catch waves than with a shortboard, in addition to letting you perfect your paddling technique and turning basics.

     Funboard (Also known as a Mini Mal)

    Regarded as a good beginners’ board, funboards offer great width and stability. Often ranging from 6 to 8 feet, a funboard is slightly smaller than a longboard but allows you to maintain stability and paddling power.


    Sometimes known as a ‘foamie’ or ‘softboard’, these boards are designed for beginners. As they are made from foam it makes it easy to catch waves, stand up on and offers superior stability in the water. As they are soft they also prevent injury to you as the surfer as well as fellow surfers in the water with you.


    The fish surfboard design lets you go faster in those slower more messy breaking waves. They are usually shorter and wider than a shortboard. Beginners often like these boards as they are easier to balance on than a shortboard due to their increased width.


    Perfect for those big wave days, the gun board design is perfect for getting you up to max paddling speed to catch those big and fast waves. With a narrow tail and nose, it is certainly designed for a more advanced rider.

     Hybrid (Also known as a Mini Mal)

    Just as its name suggests, the hybrid board design mixes together the design and performance elements of two similar boards. For example a fish and a shortboard can combine to produce an excellent board option for a heavier surfer who wants to surf big waves and therefore requires the feel that a shortboard can give you. A shortboard and a longboard hybrid can also produce the same results.

     SUP (Stand up paddle boarding)

    SUP or stand up paddle boarding is one of the newest additions to the surfboarding world. Normally ranging from 10 to 12 feet and providing you with great width for better balance, the SUP lets you surf both big and small waves with the use of a paddle. Due to its design and addition of a paddle it also offers you the ability to cruise around lakes, canals or in the sea when the surf is flat.

    Surfboard type chart

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  • What Surfboards Are Best For Beginners and Kids?

    When choosing a surfboard for a complete novice, the golden rule is that size is everything! Generally the bigger the board, the better as longer and wider boards offer beginners more stability in the water. The material composition of the board is another important factor to consider. Generally there are two common types of surfboard construction – soft and hard surfboards.

    Soft & Foam Surfboards for Beginners

    Soft or foam surfboards are a great choice for beginners. New surfers, families and kids find them a great board to use, allowing them to catch smaller, messier waves close to the shore without forking out a heap of cash to experience the thrill. Check out the list of benefits below, associated with soft surfboards and find out why they are the best surfboard for beginners.

    Less chance of injury

    Surfing at its best is incredibly fun. Once you’re in the water you may never want to get out! It is important that your introduction to regular surfing remains this way. As a beginner it is likely you may "wipe out” pretty regularly. This is fine and not something to worry about; even the best surfers were novices once. However, it is important that you are protected so that you stay as safe as possible whilst you learn the ropes. Foam boards are ideal for this as they are softer and therefore reduce the chance of injury on impact.

    Easier to catch waves

    Starting out is all about catching that mythical first wave on your new board. It can be frustrating at the start if you keep missing waves that other riders are catching. A foam surfboard helps to prevent this as its size and volume makes it easier to consistently catch waves early and its increased stability means you can stay on them for longer.

    Faster learning

    A longer board will give you much more stability when practising standing up, and are much more forgiving than shortboards if you get your foot placement slightly wrong. Shortboards may look cooler and more streamlined but they are going to be very tricky to learn on and you will spend most of the time in the water instead of learning to ride waves. The volume of our foam boards can help you to develop good habits for when you eventually scale down to a smaller board, allowing you to become a better surfer in the long run.

    Long term usage

    Foam boards make for an excellent investment when it comes to purchasing your first surf board. They offer great value since they are very durable and last for a very long time. Additionally, even as your surfing ability advances there is always the opportunity to use a big board when the waves are too small for shorter boards, so you can use it for years to come.


    Whilst functionality is of up-most importance your first surfboard is one you will no doubt cherish. As a result, the design of your foam board should be eye-catching and allow you to stand out amongst the crowds of other surfers. Osprey offers a range of stylish designs to suit all tastes.


    Hard Mini Mal Surfboards (Also known as a Funboard or Hybrid Surfboards)

    For those who are reasonably familiar with surfing but still at a beginner to intermediate level (perhaps you've tried a few surf lessons on soft boards and would like to take the next step) a Mini Mal is a great choice. Mini Mals are designed with stability much like a longboard but with less length, which allows for a little more manoeuvrability than a traditional longboard. They also catch waves easily which is great for when you’re just starting out and simply getting into the wave is your top priority. 

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  • What Surfboards Are Best For Intermediates?

    If you're looking to take your surfing to the next level, or if you feel that you've accomplished all you can accomplish on your longboard or funboard, then a shortboard or fish board might be for you.


    The advantage of shortboards is that they offer manoeuvrability in bigger, faster waves (that will generally be difficult for bigger boards to handle) allowing for greater turning ability and the added ability of being able to duck dive through a breaking wave. However they do this at the sacrifice of speed and wave catching ability, you’ll have to paddle a lot more to get into the wave, and they won’t work well on smaller breaks that longboards and funboards will eat up.


    Fish Tail Surfboards

    Fish Tail surfboards are flatter and wider than standard shortboards which gives them more stability and wave catching ability; they are ideal summer boards when conditions are smaller and the waves mushier. The lower rocker (curve of the board) means that fish boards can achieve great speed however its bigger width means it won’t be quite as manoeuvrable as a typical shortboard (but still more turning ability than a longer board like a funboard).

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  • What Size Surfboard Do I Need?

    What Size Surfboard Do I Need?

    It is important that you ensure your board is correctly sized for your height and strength. Surfing can be a great family activity and is an excellent way to get kids involved in water sport. We are often asked what board is best for beginners who want to learn to surf and these are our recommendations for children, teens and adults

    Which size surfboard for a child?

    Under 6’s

    For small children a proper surf board is probably too large for them as they will not be able to carry it to and from the shore, and it will be difficult for them to control it if they do get it to the water.

    As a result, it is probably best to wait. A great way to build up the child’s confidence and allow them to get in on the action is through purchasing a bodyboard. They are easy to carry and great fun in shallow water.

    Pre-teen (6-12)

    As your child gets older and grows taller it is natural for them to want to progress from the bodyboard to a small foam board. It is important the size is appropriate for the child to ensure that they are capable of carrying and controlling the board.


    Which size surfboard is best for a teenager?

    Teenagers will want to move on to larger boards and challenges quickly but it is important they do not rush towards a hard board before they are ready. Teens who are beginners would be well served by a larger 7-8 foot soft board which offer an excellent compromise of stability and manoeuvrability. As they improve and grow it might be advisable to move them onto a Mini-mal or Fish board.


    Which size surfboard is best for an adult?

    Foam surfboards are also great for adults too! Beginners love how easy it is to catch a wave on a foamie and are up and riding in no time, whilst intermediates and even skilled surfers can make use of a foam board when the waves are small. As our diagram outlines, a rider’s weight will affect which board is best for them.

    Softboards for Beginners

    Surfer’s Weight


    < 30kg

    5’5” – 5’8”

    30 – 40 kg

    5’8” – 6’2”

    40 – 50 kg

    6’2” – 7’0”

    50 – 60 kg


    60 – 70 kg


    75 kg+



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  • What Accessories Do I Need For A Surfboard?

    There are many different accessories that you can use to customise, care or transport your surfboard. Take a look at the main ways you can put your own unique stamp on your board and take it to the next level.

    Surfboard Leash

    Your leash is what tethers you to your board. As a beginner this is vitally important as you will be falling off your board (a lot!). It will keep your board close to you when you wipe out preventing loss or damage to the board as well as minimising potential danger to other surfers from a loose board. Equally, keeping your board close to you when you fall off provides you with extra buoyancy to keep you afloat.


    Surfboard Fins

    Fins help to make the board go straight and are used for turning. They are an essential part of your board.


    Surfboard Bag

    The chances are you will be travelling a reasonable amount with your surfboard over the years therefore it is important to keep it protected. A board bag can prevent damage whilst also providing you with a convenient way to get around with your board.


    Waterproof Car Seat Covers

    It is easy to overlook the damage that surfing activities may have on your car, especially if you have small children who will be hitting the waves! Protecting your vehicle with a couple of well-placed car seat covers will help protect your seats from salt, sea and sand!


    Surfboard Nose Guard

    A surfboard nose guard will help to prevent damage to your board when transporting it around.

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  • What Are Surfboards Made Of?

    There are numerous different elements which make up a complete surfboard. Each provide different qualities and work together to provide unique board performance. Find out everything from what the different types of decks are to what a ‘rail’ is with our overview.

    Surfboard Deck

    The Deck is the top of the surfboard that you lie on and (hopefully!) stand up on when surfing. There are three main surfboard deck types to choose from: Dome, Flat and Step.

    1. Dome Deck: This is the most common type of deck. A domed shape enables more volume to be displaced towards the centre of the board. By doing this buoyancy is increased.

    2. Flat Deck: The rails (edge) of a flat deck board are boxier and sharper than a dome deck. These decks often offer increased flex and a snappier feel. Flat decks can however be weaker and snapped if you’re careless in the break.

    3. Step Deck: Featuring thinner rails, has added stiffness and strength. The result is a strong board, perfect for hard landings.

     Surfboard deck types


    Surfboard Nose 

    The nose is the front tip of the surfboard which sits out of the water. The shape of the nose varies according to the type of surfboard you choose. There are two main types of surfboard nose: Rounded and Pointed.

    1. Rounded Nose : A rounded nose makes catching waves and balancing easier but they are harder to manoeuvre and duck dive under waves.

    2. Pointed Nose: A pointed nose is great for duck diving under waves and is usually used on high-performance boards

     Surfboard nose shape


    Surfboard Leash

    Your leash is what tethers you to your board. As a beginner this is vitally important as you will be falling off your board (a lot!). It will keep your board close to you when you wipe out preventing loss or damage to the board as well as minimising potential danger to other surfers from a loose board. Equally, keeping your board close to you when you fall off provides you with extra buoyancy to keep you afloat.

    Surfboard Fins

    Fins help to make the board go straight and are used for turning. They are an essential part of your board; prior to fins the only way to change direction was by putting your feet into the water!

    Surfboard Tail

    The tail is the rear of the board and is available in a variety of different shapes, each of which influence acceleration and control. There are a number of different shapes and sizes to choose from to give you the performance you require for certain conditions and wave types.

    1. Pin Tail: With the narrowest width of all tails, it really does live up to its name. With a narrow width there is a reduced surface area which offers the most traction of any tail. This is great for dropping on big waves where control is more important than agility. Pintails can be difficult to manoeuvre and therefore aren’t great for smaller waves, where more lift is needed.

    2. Round Tail: The round tail is similar to the pin tail but provides more surface area and bounce, providing the board with great lift. A curved shape will however result in less agile turning compared to a square tail.

    3. Square Tail – The earliest tail design, the square tail provides great stability when catching waves and allows you to dig in, giving you great pivotal turns.

    4. Swallow Tail – Great for smaller waves, a swallow tail provides excellent control and bite. The greater surface area also gives it the ability to maintain speeds.

    5. Squash Tail – Common amongst shortboards, the square edge makes the board very responsive and agile on steep and soft waves.

    Surfboard tail shapes


    This is the outer edge of the surfboard. The rail can vary in thickness and impact speed and turning.


    The stringer is the strip of material that runs through the centre of a surfboard. This is used to strengthen the board and is often made from wood.

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  • How To Look After A Surfboard

    So you've bought a brand spanking new surfboard and you’re all set to start riding waves! But before you do it should be worth taking note of how to look after your new board to maximise its lifespan. Check out our top tips below for maintaining your surfboard.

    Avoid leaving your board in the sun or in places of extreme heat

    Leaving it out to cook even if in a bag will result in weakening of the outer layer and cracking which could lead to water entry causing delamination over time; this is where the outer coating separates from the foam core. It will also cause your once pristine looking board to become a sickly yellowish version of its former self.

    Keep your surfboard stored safely

    Don't leave your board upright leaning against things, all it takes is a slip and it can topple over resulting in cracks and costly repairs. Store it indoors, horizontally with the fins facing up, preferably on a rack and in a good padded board bag where possible. Also it’s best not to store your board when wet as this can cause delamination over time.

    Repair your board quickly

    Surfing a damaged board without repairing it will slowly but surely allow for more and more water to enter and get into the foam core. Depending on how serious the damage is, there are easy and affordable ways to get your surfboard up and running again! Some of these fixes include:

    • There are vinyl repair stickers available to seal dings but these should only be considered a temporary fix.
    • The majority of small dings can be repaired using UV solar resin, which is available at most surf shops.
    • Ensure your board is dry before you attempt fixing a ding, you don’t want to run the risk of water getting into the foam core and sealing it in.
    • Cut away, then sand the damaged area using sand paper, smoothing it out well will make for a tidy repair. Keep your board out of the sun at this point whilst repairing it.
    • Fill the smoothed out area with the resin then leave to dry in the sun, once dry re-sand until the surface is smooth and even with the surrounding surface.
    • In the event of a bad ding, then bite the bullet and take it to a surfboard shaper or the ding repair guru at your local surf shop. It will ensure that you get the best fix available for your board which will prolong its lifespan.

    Wash your board

    Make sure you rinse your board off with fresh water as soon as possible after your session. Salt will cause damage over time if left.

    Transport your board carefully

    Be sensible when transporting your board to the beach, especially if done by vehicle. Not securing your board to the roof rack properly or having it sticking out of windows can result in your board suddenly shrinking by a couple of feet and another driver gaining half a surfboard! Transporting it in a bag and on a surfboard rack is also a safer option than without as this will minimise the potential for annoying dings in transit. Be sure not to over tighten the straps on a soft rack as this could cause a puncture in the outer coating (pressure ding) but do make it secure enough that it won’t take off when the vehicle is in motion!

    Watch your fins

    Be mindful of shallow water and fins! Riding your board all the way into the soft sand can result in fins getting stuck and breaking which can be hazardous for you! (broken fins can be sharp!) Likewise when riding into shore be aware of rocks and hard parts of the reef, these can leave a lasting mark on you and your board.

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